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Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton

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The Duke of Grafton
Portrait by William Hoare
Lord High Steward
for the coronation of King George I
In office
19 October 1714 – 20 October 1714
MonarchGeorge I
Preceded byThe Duke of Devonshire
Succeeded byThe Earl Cowper
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
18 June 1720 – 6 May 1724
Preceded byThe Duke of Bolton
Succeeded byThe Lord Carteret
Personal details
Born(1683-10-25)25 October 1683
Died6 May 1757(1757-05-06) (aged 73)
SpouseLady Henrietta Somerset
ChildrenCharles FitzRoy-Scudamore
Charles FitzRoy, Earl of Euston
George FitzRoy, Earl of Euston
Lord Augustus FitzRoy
Lord Charles FitzRoy
Caroline Stanhope, Countess of Harrington
Lady Harriet FitzRoy
Isabella Seymour-Conway, Countess of Hertford
Parent(s)Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton
Isabella Bennet, 2nd Countess of Arlington
Quartered arms of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, KG

Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, KG, PC, FRS (25 October 1683 – 6 May 1757) was a British peer and politician.

Early life[edit]

He was the only child and heir of Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton (1663–1690) (an illegitimate son of King Charles II by his mistress Barbara Villiers) by his wife Isabella Bennet, 2nd Countess of Arlington, a great-granddaughter of William the Silent. He succeeded to his father's titles on 9 October 1690.


Grafton was one of the members of the Hanoverian-supporting Kit-Cat Club portrayed by Godfrey Kneller.[1] He served as Lord High Steward at King George I's coronation, becoming a Privy Counsellor in 1715 and a Knight of the Garter in 1721. He also served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1720 to 1724[2] and Lord Chamberlain from 1724 until his death. In 1719 he was one of the main subscribers to the Royal Academy of Music, a corporation that produced baroque opera on the stage. In 1739 he supported the creation of what was to become one of London's most notable charities, the Foundling Hospital. He sat on that charity's original Court of Governors with such fellow Governors as John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, Vere Beauclerk, 1st Baron Vere of Hanworth, and Micajah Perry, a Lord Mayor of London. He was affectionately known to the Royal court as 'Booby Grafton'. For a number of years he and Princess Emily, one of George II's daughters, enjoyed a semi-flirtatious relationship.

Marriage and children[edit]

On 30 April 1713, he married Lady Henrietta Somerset (27 August 1690 – 7 August 1726), daughter of Charles Somerset, Marquess of Worcester and Rebecca Child. They had seven children:

The Duke also fathered an illegitimate son, Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore.

Isabella, Countess of Hertford by Alexander Roslin (1765)
Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow


Grafton Street in Dublin is named after him. He owned property in the area. Grafton, Massachusetts, is named after him.

Winchester, New Hampshire was originally named "Arlington" in his honour (as in, the Earl of Arlington).


  1. ^ Kneller portrait of Grafton. Accessed 21 August 2017.
  2. ^ Rachel Wilson, "The Vicereines of Ireland and the Transformation of the Dublin Court, c. 1703-1737" in The Court Historian, xix, no. 1 (2014).
  3. ^ Leo van der Pas. "George Fitzroy, Earl of Euston (1715–1747)". Archived from the original on 20 April 2004. Retrieved 20 April 2004. from Brigitte Gastel-Lloyd's Worldroots website. Retrieved in cached version on 7 October 2009.


  • R.H. Nichols and F.A. Wray, The History of the Foundling Hospital (London: Oxford University Press, 1935)
Political offices
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord Chamberlain
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Title last held by
The 1st Duke of Devonshire
Lord High Steward
Title next held by
The Lord Cowper
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk
Succeeded by
Vice-Admiral of Suffolk
Title next held by
The Marquess of Hertford
Peerage of England
Preceded by Duke of Grafton
Succeeded by
Preceded by Earl of Arlington